Vaccination Program | Esco VacciXcell

Vaccination Program

The welfare of each fur-bearing animal in a fur farm should be highly considered not just to comply with animal ethics, local, and animal policies but also to obtain quality furs. Along with a balanced diet, good housing conditions, and proper care and handling, this helps develop fur-bearing animals that are less stressed. A study at Aarhus university demonstrated a high correlation between mink behavior and fur quality. A veterinarian should be available to advise for health-related concerns for the animals kept at the fur farm.

Vaccination schedule for fur-bearing animals

Pseudomonas bacterin 6-8 weeks
Botulism 6-8 weeks
Mink viral enteritis 6-8 weeks
Pseudomonas bacterin 10 weeks
Botulism 10 weeks
Mink viral enteritis 10 weeks
Canine Distemper 10 weeks
Rabies 4 weeks
Canine Distemper 8-9 weeks
Myxomatosis 5 weeks
Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus (RHD1) 6-12 weeks
Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease 2 (RHD2) 6-12 weeks
RHD1 – 2nd injection 10-16 weeks

Mink enteritis virus (MEV) strain used for mink vaccine production has been propagated in adherent culture of embryonic feline lung fibroblasts (E-FL). Roller bottle culture of these cell lines is limiting in terms of scale-up of adherent cells; Esco VacciXcell fixed-bed bioreactors including TideXcell® and CelCradle™, provides the linear scalability of scaling up instead of scaling out.

  1. Aarhus University. "Breeding confident mink can have side benefits." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 December 2015.
  2. European Commission. Health & Consumer Protection Directorate-General. (2002, October). The oral vaccination of foxes against rabies. Retrieved November 16, 2020, from
  3. Hundt B, Best C, Schlawin N, Kassner H, Genzel Y, Reichl U. Establishment of a mink enteritis vaccine production process in stirred-tank reactor and Wave Bioreactor microcarrier culture in 1-10 L scale. Vaccine. 2007 May 16;25(20):3987-95. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.02.061. Epub 2007 Mar 12. PMID: 17391818
  4. Rikula U, Pänkälä L, Jalkanen L, Sihvonen L. Distemper vaccination of farmed fur animals in Finland. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 2001 Apr;49(1-2):125-133. DOI: 10.1016/s0167-5877(01)00177-5.